General Election = General Confusion

Procrastination has become just another feature of my personality by now, but the only thing that has rivalled my college work this year in terms of just how much I have not been bothered to do it, is research on the upcoming General Elections. I had intended to watch the TV3 leaders debate to get an initial sense of things, but at the time it aired I actually happened to be speaking in another debate … about Harry Potter. My team won the debate, we all went to the student bar to celebrate by drinking pints on empty stomachs, and I forgot to set the leaders debate to record. Not the best start.

Not that watching a leaders debate is much help, as I discovered upon watching the one on RTÉ. I persevered through that shitshow for two irritating hours, only for them to totally ignore the issues of mental health, reproductive rights, public transport, the environment, animal welfare, the Irish language, apprenticeships, low-hour contracts, third-level fees and accommodation, among many others. Call me self-centered, but I was looking forward to hearing what the potential leaders of my country had to say about the issues that matter the most to me. This is obviously too much to ask – my bad.

And so I accepted reluctantly that it was time to do some independent research. I don’t know about other people my age, but this time last week I truly knew shit-all about party politics. A few weeks ago I thought I had to choose between every single candidate running for election in the country, not just the ones from my own constituency. I had general notions, of course, but I didn’t have much faith in these because I couldn’t back them up with my own findings. They were just general consensuses (that plural definitely seems wrong, but I’d have to be a huge knob to write ‘consensi’) that I had heard.

Thank fuck for SmartVote. This is a really, really helpful tool. You type in your constituency, answer 30 quick questions about your political views, and submit. The site then lists all the candidates from your constituency in order of ‘most compatible with your views’ to least. Not only does it do this, but if you expand an individual candidate’s profile, it will show their answer to each specific question and their reasoning for this answer.

Some problems I encountered with SmartVote:

  • Some candidates haven’t been interviewed. I had a score of 0 compatibility with a few independents, but this was just because their answers were left blank. Make sure you don’t write off anyone at the bottom of your list – look them up and find out what you can about their policies, they could easily end up being your favourite.
  • Also, candidates from parties haven’t been interviewed individually, but their party stances on each issue have been supplied instead. This is grand for most issues, but as I understand it, some parties have policies where they allow their members to vote independently on certain issues. I think this is Fine Gael’s approach to the abortion issue? Not 100% sure. In any case, SmartVote won’t be able to tell you the individual views of party members for issues like these.
  • Another problem: the coverage varies with each constituency. People from Dublin have seemed well impressed with the site, but friends from the West have told me that it provides barely any information on their independent candidates. It worked well for me, but may not for everyone.
  • Even if every candidate in your constituency has been interviewed, the results aren’t perfectly accurate. Please god don’t just look at your list and think ‘Grand, that’s the order I’m voting in then.’ Some of the questions are sticky and it’s difficult to know how to answer them. You might click ‘somewhat agree’ for one statement because you think the answer is variable or dependent on circumstance. A candidate with exactly the same view on the issue as you might answer with ‘somewhat disagree’ for the same reasons as you. This will come up in your results as a disagreement with the candidate. Expand their answer so you can see what they’re actually saying.

Despite the fact that I’ve just outlined a number of its flaws, SmartVote was a huge help to me for understanding all this stuff, and I highly recommend trying it out. I took that quiz a few nights ago and gathered as much information as I could. This made the whole thing seem way simpler and less confusing.

I don’t think I’ve mentioned so far that my constituency is Dublin South-West. My #1 candidate on SmartVote is Katherine Zappone (I got her both times I took the quiz). I’ve been familiar with Senator Zappone since early last year, from being involved with the Marriage Equality campaign. Of course, me being oblivious and ignorant to these things, I didn’t realise she was in my constituency until the election posters went up earlier this month. Apparently she’s been working in my area for 30 years and counting. Who knew?

Studying Senator Zappone’s policies made me really excited – we have such similar views! I should definitely give her my #1 vote! Right?

… Maybe not. There are the parties to consider too. From looking into all of this over the last few weeks, here’s where I stand:

  • AAA/PBP seem like they have pretty solid views, but also seem to spend most of their time and energy criticising the current government, rather than outlining their own intentions. Also, they just seem really… intense or something? They’re like, ‘Young people! Let’s start a political revolution! Fuck the system!’ It’s a bit Extra. Democratically voting in a slightly more progressive government doesn’t really seem like a political revolution to me. Also, don’t think I don’t see you clinging onto the water charges issue to get Tallaght votes, Paul Murphy. I see you. (Sure, it worked in the by-election, but maybe focus on some other issues now please.)
  • Fianna Fáil… actually I don’t know much about them, just that their leader looks like Voldemort and that John Lahart is pretty much an A-List celebrity in Rathfarnham. Also, my parents’ generation seem to think they single-handedly caused the Recession. Has everyone forgotten that it was a worldwide Recession and it was inevitable that we would be hit because, like, all of our trading partners were, too? I could definitely be wrong here – I think I was only 12 when the crash happened, I remember people in school asking my business teacher if the country was in a ‘Reception’ – and it’s definitely an over-simplistic view of things, but I would have thought the recovery was more important.
  • Ahh, Fine Gael and Labour. It makes me sad to have no faith in these parties, but I just… don’t. I don’t have much more to say on that, either.
  • Sinn Féin… actually do not seem that bad. Really. Sarah Holland is really impressive. But voting for Sinn Féin just before Easter in the centenary year of 1916 is just not something I’m going to do.
  • The Social Democrats seem really sound!… It’s a shame there are literally none of them running in my constituency. Oh well?
  • Who the fuck are Direct Democracy Ireland? Seriously. I have not heard them mentioned by one person I’ve talked to, or even in the media. Not at all. I think Stephen Sinclair and his beautiful moustache might be something I’ve hallucinated.
  • RENUA are the literal Antichrist.
  • Even though I’d pay Francis Duffy to let me take him to the barber, the Green Party have impressed me the most in my research. (Francis, if you’re reading this, I apologise, and thanks for following me back on Twitter, you seem like a sound bloke.) I quite happily sat and read their 60-page manifesto yesterday evening. I’ll be upfront: I don’t fully understand all the economic stuff. Doesn’t matter, my vote still counts the same as everyone else’s and I’m still allowed to be picky about which issues are red-line ones for me. Sorry adults! One or two things in the Green Party manifesto seem a bit dodgy – like the automatic assumption of organ donorship without prior consent? Come on now lads – but overall, reading it actually made me really excited. Their policies on health, education, the environment, society and culture seem really sound. They value women’s rights, the safety of LGBTQ+ kids, animal welfare and the Irish language. I like these lads, which is way more than I can say for any of the other parties I’m being asked to vote for.

I haven’t forgotten about the Independents. I think Katherine Zappone is fantastic. Deirde O’ Donovan is also very impressive. So is Joan Summerville Molloy, though I can’t find her stance on abortion anywhere. Peter Fitzpatrick is distractingly good-looking but there are a good few things on which we disagree. And I don’t know much at all about Kieran Adam-Quigley, Frank O’ Gorman, Declan Burke or Eamonn Maloney. They’re going to be my task for the next few days (because apparently I hate fun).

My main worry about voting for Independents is… what actually happens if they get seats? An Independent party seems contradictory to their entire thing, and I don’t see how it wouldn’t be driven into the ground by disagreements. And I wonder if Independent voices would get lost in a coalition. I haven’t been able to find these questions answered anywhere.

Additionally, I have no fucking clue how polling works. I know everyone is asking for my #1 vote, but does that mean I have to list a top 3, a top 10, or put every single candidate in my constituency in order of preference? I asked my parents – they can’t remember. I Googled it with like five different variations in my phrasing – couldn’t find anything. Helpful. Maybe it’s all supposed to be a big mystery, and that’s part of the fun?

This whole thing is so strange. My parents are even less informed than I am, and none of my college friends are in my constituency, so they are all facing different questions from me. With Marriage Equality, it was a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’ question. A general election is infinitely more complicated, and research only makes me realise that I need to do more research.

So that’s what I’ll do. As much research as I can before next Friday. Hopefully I won’t end up regretting who I choose to vote for? I suppose we’ll see.

Orna

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Thoughts, (hopefully) 9 days from Marriage Equality

(This is a post I published on my Tumblr account back in May, little over a week before the Irish Marriage Equality Referendum, reposted here in what is probably a more appropriate format.)

As many of you know, the citizens of the Republic of Ireland will be asked to vote on Marriage Equality on May 22nd 2015. If the referendum passes, the Irish Constitution will be amended to state that “Marriage may be contracted in accordance with law by two persons without distinction as to their sex.”

Unsurprisingly, the referendum has been the most major topic of conversation over the past few months, and has received an enormous amount of media coverage. I have personally attended numerous events in support of the Yes campaign and have discussed the vote endlessly with my friends, queer and otherwise, and certain family members. With only nine days to go, I feel an overwhelming mix of pride, exhaustion, anxiety, hope and distress.

The discussions around the referendum have been made (cough, unnecessarily, cough) extremely complicated because of the expanse of issues that have been raised, and inevitably I have A Lot of Thoughts about it and I think it will make my head clearer to set them out.

I don’t mean this to be a ‘this is why I’m voting yes/why you should vote yes’ post, and I haven’t really explained too much about the circumstances because this is more for me to organize my thoughts. To that end, if anyone has any questions stemming from what I’ve said below, or any comments, feel free to inbox me and I’ll be glad to discuss.

On democracy
Many people – mostly straight people – have said this should not be something we should even be debating or voting on. That same-sex couples should have the right to civil marriage and that there should not be a chance that this could be voted down. While I agree that, in an ideal world, this should never have been an issue, we do not live in an ideal world. The Constitution currently does not allow for same-sex couples to marry. In order to amend our Constitution, a country-wide referendum needs to take place. This was the case with divorce and will likely be the case with abortion (again) in the coming years. The fact that there has been such demand to amend the Constitution in the first place, and the fact that the government have acknowledged the demand and put the amendment to a referendum, is significant. However we may feel about our right to marry being debated and voted on by everyone in the country – and I’m not jumping for joy about it myself – it is important that we recognise this as a positive move.
Of course, the country being a democracy means that its citizens are free to vote either way and campaign either way. While I am much less than delighted that people can freely claim that a relationship of mine may be less worthy of marriage than that of an opposite-sex couple, they are allowed to do so, and as we’ve seen, they’ve gladly embraced the opportunity.
The tearing down, defacing and vandalism of their campaign posters is not something that I support, and I am disappointed in these actions and in the hate and threats that certain No campaigners have received directly from supporters of the referendum. Firstly, this is playing right into their hands and allowing them to easily dismiss the Yes campaigners by painting us as immature and bullying. Secondly, it has opened up a painstaking dialogue about the No campaigners’ ‘right’ to vote no, and has caused them to play the ‘many No voters are afraid to admit that they are voting No and doesn’t that undermine equality??’ card. And thirdly, and worst of all, directly sending a person hate and threats is an unacceptable thing to do in any situation. Full stop, no excuses, no wiggle room. I know it hurts that they are campaigning against our right to marry, and to be fully protected under the Constitution. It hurts me beyond anything I can explain. But sending hate and threats is never acceptable.

On ‘Every Child Deserves a Mother and a Father’
This was a curveball which took a lot of us by surprise upon the debut of the No campaign posters (which was about as modest as a slap in the face), especially young people such as myself who were born after the decriminalization of homosexuality in Ireland in 1993, and so had never experienced until now any publicized political debates and campaigns in Ireland concerning members of the LGBTQ+ community. But after I got my head around the fact that this was their chosen angle, in a referendum which so obviously concerns something else, I then had to ask myself how I felt about this argument. It was something that I had never thought over before, and I decided to take time to consider it thoroughly. This is what I have come up with:
I reject this outright. I reject outright the notion that every child is entitled to a mother and a father. I reject outright the suggestion that children need one parent of ‘each’* (*according to the gender binary) gender in order to be raised properly. I realise that the statement is also highly offensive to single-parent families, and opposite-sex families who avail of surrogacy and adoption, whom I will touch on later, but these are not the families against whom the No side are campaigning first and foremost. The No campaign clearly display here their view that in order for a child to be whole it needs to be raised by two parents, both its biological parents, one man and one woman, and the posters place a significant emphasis on the child’s biological mother. This perpetuates all sorts of misogynistic ideas which present (cis)women as inseparable from their abilities to bear children and suggests that it is a woman’s duty to raise any child she bears; that by a woman deciding not to raise her biological child, even if she passes it to the care of a loving family, she is somehow doing the child an injustice. The idea that a child needs two parents, of one gender and one sex each (i.e. one male who is a man and one female who is a woman, the latter of whom birthed the child), reeks of the gender binary system, and is exclusive of transgender, genderfluid, and intersex parents.
The overlying statement, however, is that a same-sex couple is simply not good enough to bring up a child; that the child needs the presence of both a woman parent and a man parent in order to be raised properly. Aside from this being, once again, a very gender-binary-centered notion, it is extremely offensive to same-sex couples. To same-sex couples who have raised or are currently raising children, it tells them that they have not been enough for their child. To same-sex couples who wish to raise children in the future, it tells them that they will never be enough. That these couples’ parenting skills and the love that they have for their children are not good enough. And lastly, it tells every single queer person in Ireland that they are not fit to be parents because of their orientation.
I reject this outright.

On everybody’s deathly fear of being called homophobic
I have lost count of the amount of claims I’ve seen – from both Yes and No camps – that voting No does not make one homophobic* (*in this case I use ‘homophobia’ as a blanket term for all queerphobia as this is the term more widely used by the Irish public). It’s clear that people will go to drastic lengths to avoid being called homophobic. People can be quick to judge and throw around labels, but homophobia has recently become a subject whose touchiness is on par with racism. The lengths that homophobes have been going to to justify their homophobia are quite amusing. But I really do feel that this is the bottom line: the belief that same-sex couples are inferior to opposite-sex couples (whether one is concerned with ‘the children’ or otherwise), and the belief that they should not have equal Constitutional protection, is homophobic.
I do not mean to say that all people with these beliefs are horrible people without hearts who should be cast out of society. Quite the opposite: I believe that these people have been socially conditioned in the same way that I was and that every person in Western society is. I believe that these people are simply at a different stage than myself in the process of un-learning the beliefs that we have all been internalizing for the entirety of our lives. We are all homophobic to a certain degree because homophobia is present in all aspects of our society and we have all internalized it. The sooner we stop seeing ‘homophobic’ as a grievous offence, and acknowledge that it is an unavoidable symptom of the current Western culture, the sooner we can start to reverse the damage done by social conditioning.

On the negative impact of the referendum
I do not know what the result of the referendum will be. However, I do know that a Yes majority will not fix the irreparable damage that has been done to many Irish people throughout the course of this referendum.
Before we even consider the queer community, there are many individuals who have been and will continue to be affected by the ‘Vote No’ posters. Single-parent families are the most obvious group. Parents who have managed to get themselves and their children away from dangerous or abusive situations are now being told that they have failed their children by denying them their father/mother. Opposite-sex couples who have adopted or availed of surrogacy are being told that they are not good enough for their children. People whose spouses/partners have died are being reminded every day that their children have been left lacking. Children at vulnerable ages who come from backgrounds such as these are seeing the posters and feeling inferior because they do not have a traditional family unit. The posters are making them resent their single-parents or their step-parents.
I am a 19-year-old woman who identifies on the bi/pan spectrum. My entire family is Irish and I have lived here since I was 2 years old. I am fortunate enough to be in my second year of attending an excellent university which has a fantastic LGBTQ+ society, in which I have become more involved this year. I am over 18 which means I can get into nightclubs. I have spaces in my life which are exclusively queer. Having these spaces and meeting other members of the Irish LGBTQ+ community over the last two years has changed my outlook on my sexual identity and on my life in general. Even so, the referendum has taken its toll on my mental health and outlook. The old feelings of shame and discomfort, which never leave fully, have been extremely prominent again. There is a large amount of people in my country who believe that a relationship that I may have with a woman is less valid than an opposite-sex relationship, and that I would not be a fit parent were I with a woman. I do not know just how large this amount of people actually is and I live in fear that they might turn out to be the majority. This hurts me more than I can say.
There are young queer people in Ireland who are not in university and who are not old enough to go to nightclubs (safely), and who thus do not have exclusively queer spaces. There are also many older queer people in Ireland who have been living in isolation their entire lives and who also do not have exclusively queer spaces. I worry so so much for the mental health and wellbeing of these people, because if I am affected this badly even in the favourable position that I am in, how badly must they be affected?
Seeing posters all over our homes, in our cities, in my beloved Dublin, which declare our inability to parent, which declare us undeserving of the Constitutional protection that marriage would afford us, is endlessly hurtful. The hurt caused by the No campaign will not be repaired magically by a Yes majority vote. The relief, the pride and the gratefulness will be indescribable, but the hurt has already been caused.

On this being a positive step forward, but only that: a step
I will close this long-winded post by stating my belief that, while this is an extremely positive step forward (and I’ll most likely be off my tits in Pantibar on the 23rd if/when the Yes vote prevails), this is not the be-all and end-all of issues within the LGBTQ+ community. This referendum has done nothing to strengthen the visibilty of non-gay members of the community and nothing to highlight issues of intersectionality. While this was not the job of the Yes campaign, it certainly won’t help the people like me who are a minority within a minority group. Terms like ‘gay community,’ ‘gay marriage’/’straight marriage’ have been widely used and are exclusive of LGBTQ+ people who are not gay or lesbian. There are still all of the issues that there always have been and they will not all end with civil marriage. However, it’s a damn good place to start.

Looking forward to partying with you all on the 23rd,
Le grá agus beannachtaí,
Orna